WAEC Literature in English Syllabus 2022/2023 – Download

WAEC Syllabus For Literature In English 2022/2023 is out now and ready for download. You can read it here online or download the pdf.

The West African Examination Council has issued an outline of the major areas of a discourse, the subjects, and the contents of the WAEC Literature In English 2022/2023 curriculum for all candidates sitting for the Waec examination. These areas will show you area of concentration for Literature including the recommended textbooks and authors.

Always note that WASSCE questions will not go beyond these syllabus. Therefore, relax and go through these syllabus.

How your Literature in English Exam Will look like


There will be three papers – Papers 1, 2 and 3. Papers 1 and 2 will a composite paper and will be taken at one sitting.

Paper 1 will be a multiple choice objective test. It will contain fifty questions distributed as follows:

(a) Twenty questions on General Knowledge of Literature;

(b) Five questions on an unseen prose passage;

(c) Five questions on an unseen poem;

(d) Twenty context questions on the prescribed Shakespearean text.

Candidates will be expected to answer all the questions within 1 hour for 50 marks.

Paper 2 will be an essay test with two sections, Sections A and B.

Section A will be on African Prose and Section B on Non-African Prose.

Two essay questions will be set on each of the novels recommended for study.

Candidates shall be required to answer one question only from each section within 1 hour 15 minutes for 50 marks.

Paper 3 is going be on the Drama and Poetry components of the syllabus.

It will be put into four sections, Sections A, B. C and D as follows:

Section A: African Drama

Section B: Non-African Drama

Section C: African Poetry

Section D: Non-African Poetry

There shall be two questions on each of the prescribed drama texts for Sections A and B. There shall also be two questions for each of the poetry sections ie Sections C and D.

Candidates shall be required to answer one question from each of the sections, making a total of four questions. The paper will take 2 hours 30 minutes to complete and will carry 100 marks.


(i) The Unseen Prose passage for Paper 1 shall be about 120 – 150 words long.

(ii) Only context questions shall be set on the Shakespearean text. The context questions will test such items as theme, characterization, style and setting in the Shakespearean text.

(iii) No essay question shall be set on the Shakespearean text.

Download 2022 WAEC Literature in English Syllabus – PDF

African Prose

(1) Second Class Citizen by Buchi Emecheta

(2) Unexpected Joy at Dawn by Alex Agyei-Agyiri (2018 edition)

Non-African Prose

(1) Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

*WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE: A Midsummer Night’s Dream


African Drama

(1) Let me Die Alone by John K. Kargbo

(2) The Lion and the Jewel by Wole Soyinka

Non-African Drama

(2) Fences by August Wilson


African Poetry

(1) “Black Woman” by Leopold Sedar Senghor

(2) “The Leader and the Led” by Niyi Osundare

(3) “The Grieved Lands” by Agostinho Neto

(4) “The Song of the Women of my Land” by Oumar Farouk Sesay

(5) “Raider of the Treasure Trove” by Lade Wosornu

(6) “A Government Driver on his Retirement” by Onu Chibuike

Non-African Poetry

(1) “The Good-Morrow” by John Donne

(2)  “Caged Bird” by Maya Angelou

(3)  “The Journey of the Magi” by T. S. Eliot

(4)  “Do not Go Gentle into the Good Night” by Dylan Thomas

(5)  “Binsey Poplars (Felled 1879)” by G.M. Hopkins

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