WAEC Civic Education Questions and Answers 2022/2023 | Theory and Essay

This post will supply you with 2022 WAEC Civic Education free questions and Answers, 2022 WAEC Civic Education free Expo, WASSCE Civic Education Past Questions, how WASSCE Civic Education exam will look like, and everything you need to know about 2022 WAEC Civic Education examination.

WAEC Civic education

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Today’s WAEC SSCE Civic Education OBJ Answers

Obj to be updated shortly.

1-10: CADCBACBAC

11-20: BACCDACCCC

21-30: CCBBBCCDCB

31-40: ADBCDBBCCD

41-50: ACADDCBDCB

Today’s WAEC Civic Education Theory Answers

2021 answers

1a) Values are basic and fundamental beliefs that guide or motivate attitudes or actions

WAEC Civic

Civic education

4a) A secret cult is a club or an organization whose activities, events, inner functioning, or membership are concealed.

6a) Youth empowerment is a process where children and young people are encouraged to take charge of their lives.

(6b)

(I) Life Coping Skills: These are natural skills which every organism including man, acquires from birth to adapt fittingly in his or its environment. They are survival Instincts or skills.

(II) Manipulative Skills: These skills are seen in skills acquisition centres as it involves economic activities that inculcate skills such as technical education.

(III) Intellectual Skills: These skills are coordinates in character. It is the literary or theoretical frameworks that guide the practical aspects of the works, economic and scientific undertakings

(IV) Communicative Skills: Communication is a very important aspect of our life. Man evolved communications skills as a social being to enable him pass or send information from one person to the other or from place to place.

(V) Artistic Skills: These are close to communicative skills and are more complex. Includes they art of good writing, fine and applied arts, music and drama. These skills make effective use of all the other four kinds of skills where necessary.

(VI) Loading

7a)
I. Illiteracy And Ignorance:- Illiteracy and Ignorance are some of the impediments to the reality of the rule of law in Nigeria. This directly related to the masses who are the usual victims of human right abuses and abuse of power in Nigeria.

II. Inefficient And Corrupt Police System:- The Nigerian Police has a crucial role to play in the enforcement of the rule of law in Nigeria. According to a report by Network on Police Reform in Nigeria, Nigeria’s police force is over centralized, under-resourced and ill-equipped, and suffers from political interference.

III. Poverty:- Relatively close to illiteracy and ignorance is, poverty, sometimes, the latter is always as a result of the former. To ensure that the rule of law is protected, the independence and neutrality of the judiciary is sacrosanct.
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NO8a)
Freedom of choice
Civil society is based on an individual’s freedom of choice. In the public and the private sectors, there is no voluntary work, but for the civil society, voluntariness is a central characteristic and strength. The willingness to help and to use one’s free time in a productive manner motivates Finns to participate in voluntary activities.

In civil society, citizens organize activities and services for themselves and other people out of their own hopes and premises. Fundamentally, civil society has no requirements from the outside, as is the case with the private sector.

Freedom from profit making
Civil society is able to adjust to the hopes, needs and desires of people as well as the changes of the surrounding environment. The lack of official duties and responsibilities eases adjustment and makes room for reactions. Neither can the heavy investments or the profit responsibilities of shareholders dictate the activities of civil society. There is room for creativity and new innovations.

Freedom from administrative regulations
In civil society, activities are provided and services produced for members and customers in a non-profit making ethos. One ideological cornerstone of civil society is the charitable nature of its activities.

The actors of civil society decide for themselves what kind of activities they engage in, although the financiers have begun to participate in the defining process more in the last decades. Project and targeted funding have become more popular, and outsourcing services have increased.
Question 9a
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(9a)
Pubic Service is a body or a department in the executive arm of the Government responsible for the execution of the policies and programmes of the Government

(9b)
(i)It advices in the formulation of the policies of government and it implements government policies.

(ii)It advises the government and it creates employment opportunities.

(iii)It performs delegated /legislative functions and it provides essential services at cheaper rates.

(iv)It acts as governmental agent to the general public and it collects revenue for government.

NO8a)

Freedom of choice

Civil society is based on an individual’s freedom of choice. In the public and the private sectors, there is no voluntary work, but for the civil society, voluntariness is a central characteristic and strength. The willingness to help and to use one’s free time in a productive manner motivates Finns to participate in voluntary activities.

In civil society, citizens organize activities and services for themselves and other people out of their own hopes and premises. Fundamentally, civil society has no requirements from the outside, as is the case with the private sector.

Freedom from profit making

Civil society is able to adjust to the hopes, needs and desires of people as well as the changes of the surrounding environment. The lack of official duties and responsibilities eases adjustment and makes room for reactions. Neither can the heavy investments or the profit responsibilities of shareholders dictate the activities of civil society. There is room for creativity and new innovations.

Freedom from administrative regulations

In civil society, activities are provided and services produced for members and customers in a non-profit making ethos. One ideological cornerstone of civil society is the charitable nature of its activities.

The actors of civil society decide for themselves what kind of activities they engage in, although the financiers have begun to participate in the defining process more in the last decades. Project and targeted funding have become more popular, and outsourcing services have increased.

(9b)

(I) Poor remuneration: A hungry man is an angry man. The civil service are poorly remunerated which causes them to take bribe. The salary they receive is not even enough for them to pay their children’s school fees. They are not well motivated

(II) Absence of skilled manpower: Lack of skilled manpower in the civil service causes inefficiency in the civil service. Therefore, any organization that lacks adequate skilled personnel in their organization, will find it difficult carrying out their operations effectively and efficiently.

(III) Poor human resources management: Human resources management recruits and train workers to work in the organization. But when the organization cannot manage their workers, the workers tend to leave the organization. Poor management of workers causes death of an organization

(IV) Inadequate materials or insufficient materials: Lack of materials for work causes inefficiency in the operations of the civil service. Government failures to provide those necessary materials that can facilitate work in offices contribute to the cause of ineffectiveness in civil service.

(V) Corruption: Corruption has eaten deep into the bones of our civil service, it hard to find a civil servant without the intent to defraud. When corruption continues to thrive in the civil service, it affects the general operations of the civil service.

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Civic Education past questions below

(1a). Citizenship education is a type of education which instills desirable values, attitudes, skills and knowledge into individuals to enable them participate in the affairs of their group or adjust functionally as good citizens.

(1b)
(i) It helps to promote democratic values among citizens
(ii) It helps the citizens to recognise their civic rights and responsibilities

(iii) It encourages citizens to play a helpful part in the lives of their neighborhoods, communities and the wider world
(iv) It encourages respect for different national, religious and ethnic identities

(3a)
Inter-communal relationship is a relationship which exist between two or more communities. They relate to contribute to the peaceful and harmonious development of the society/communities and bring people of the various communities together.

(3b)
(i) It is the roadmap to peace and good neighbourliness: Inter communal relationship has always been a tool for ensuring peace among communities and towns dating back to thousands of years. This perhaps explain why kings of neighbouring communities those times encouraged inter-marriage among their subjects, while kings exchange their daughters to one another as wives.

(ii) Inter-communal relationship promotes development: Usually, development in all sectors of the community is possible once there is peace.

(iii) It enhances security of lives and property: Harmony of good inter-communal relationships allow for the formation of security outfits by the communities themselves to complement the government’s law enforcement agents.

(iv) Inter-communal relationship promotes commerce among the community dwellers: There is encouragement of specialization since trading of goods and commodities is encouraged among the people. Joint market venues are developed while in rural and semi-urban communities the roads leading to such joint markets are maintained by all the community dwellers, where necessary make shift bridges are constructed to link up communities.

(5)
(i)Volunteer and support anti-trafficking efforts in your community to eradicate any form of trafficking.

(4)
(i)Counseling in the school and at home
(iiGood teacher/student relationship
(iii)Parents should endeavour to observe and know the person or friends their children moves with
(iv)Visitation of parents to school to be aware about the activities of their children
(v)Good school allows for proper monitoring of students
(vi)The Frear of God is beginning of wisdom; efforts should be made at home , peers and the entire community to inculcate the fear of God into youths
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(ii)Organize a fundraiser and donate the proceeds to an anti-trafficking organization will help the stop of trafficking .

(iii)Encourage your local schools or school district to include human trafficking in their curricula and to develop protocols for identifying and reporting a suspected case of human trafficking or responding to a potential victim.

(iv)Use your social media platforms to raise awareness about human trafficking, and in term of exposing them. And check out CNN’s Freedom Project for more stories on the different forms of human trafficking around the world.

(v)Become a mentor to a young person or someone in need. In other words be well-informed. Set up a web alert to receive current human trafficking news. Become familiar with public awareness materials available from the Department of Health and Human Services or the Department of Homeland Security.
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(6)
(i)showing love, respect and support

(ii)knowing the facts about HIV/AIDS and talking openly about
the disease

(iii)helping to reduce stress and stressful situations

(iv)helping to provide balanced nutritious meals

(v)encouraging them to get treatment if they are sick. Most infections are easily treated and cured, even if a person is HIV positive.
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(8)
(i) Political Apathy threatens Democratic dispensation – When a politician wins an election in a high voter apathy political election, such a winner wins with a minority vote. Such a vote doesn’t give the winner confidence that s/he is a popular political representative in a given area.

(ii) Elections are not representative – Results of elections are supposed to be based on majority feelings. With political apathy, such is difficult.

(iii) Political Apathy hinders good governance and decision making – When elected political leaders win with a minority vote, such leaders feel reluctant to mobilise majority citizens in the area who might not have voted for him or her.

(iv) Political Apathy retards community and national developmental processes. Instead of a political leader to concentrate on spending more time facilitating development related projects, he or she might spend more time justifying that he or she is current ward councilor, member of parliament or a current president.

(v) Another major cause of high voter apathy is that most politicians don’t perform to the expectations of the electorate.
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(9a)
(i)Problem solving: Civil society is a dedicated and committed problem-solver, but it seems clear that it needs to step up its efforts to adapt to a new reality of rapidly changing interconnected problems.

(ii)High ambitions and high expectations : The workload of civil society organizations has increased in the past few years, and with more work comes more responsibility and the need to manage expectations.

(iii)Difficult legislative and operational environment Across the globe, the general trend towards more restrictive regulatory measures, increased controls, and funding restrictions by governments is unquestionably making it more challenging for certain civil society institutions to carry out their activities.

(iv)Reworking the relationship with the private sector: Meanwhile, businesses have become more visibly engaged with the social and environmental agenda.

(9b)
(i)Bad limited resources
(ii)Bad leadership
(iii)Bad restricted participation
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WAEC Civic Education past questions and answers

The below questions are not exactly 2021 WASSCE Civic Education questions and answers but likely WAEC Civic Education repeated questions and answers and past questions for practice.

1. When there is a dispute in a community, members should

A. be indifferent to the issue.
B. cooperate with others.
C. leave the community entirely.
D. be resolute to their cause.

2. Community development projects
can best be achieved if the people are
A. cooperative.

B. religious.
C. optimistic.
D. knowledgeable

3. Which of the following is a major
problem of the Nigerian Civil Service?

A. Neutrality
B. Red tapism
C. Impartiality
D. Anonymity

4. The civic obligation of a citizen
includes

A. political socialization.
B. political participation.
C. engaging in family planning.
D. engaging in business ventures.

5. The following are goals of
citizenship education except

A. preparing learners for leadership.
B. developing appropriate attitude
in the learners.
C. creating job opportunities.
D. providing social amenities.

6. HIV/AIDS is spread mainly through

A. indiscriminate sexual intercourse.
B. kissing and hugging.
C. sharing toiletries with victims.
D. handshake with victims.

7. People living with HIV/AIDS could
be assisted by

A. isolating them.
B. showing them love.
C. blaming them.
D. avoiding them.

8. Which of the following does not
promote national consciousness?

A. Respect for the symbols and identities of the country
B. Promotion of people’s culture
and tradition
C. Appropriate use of the
mass media
D. Inappropriate use of state
property

9. Modern countries adopt rule of
law in order to make

A. lawyers independent.
B. the law supreme.
C. the judiciary part of legislature.
D. laws in parliament.

10. The habit of obeying traffic
regulations helps the individual to

A. report late at work.
B. avoid an unnecessary accident.
C. be lazy at work.
D. use the unauthorized route.

11. Which of the following roles
should a responsible parent perform?

A. Sending the children to hawk on
the street
B. Instilling in children appropriate
values and attitude
C. Encouraging early marriage
D. Showing favour to a particular child

12. A challenge facing the protection
of human rights in Nigeria is

A. absence of public complaints
commission.
B. failure of leaders to promote rule
of law.
C. independence of the judiciary.
D. press freedom

Things you need to know about WAEC Civic Education examination

First, you should note that you have 2 hours thirty minutes to write your WAEC civic examination. Your Objective part (section A) contains 60 questions which you are expected to answer all while the theory part contains 5 questions which you are expected to answer any three questions of your choice. All questions carry equal mark.

How to pass senior WAEC Civic Education examination

Have a strong desire to succeed

The WAEC Civic Education 2022 exam is primarily for individuals who are determined to pass with a high score.

Any applicant who has not made up his or her mind to pass the upcoming Civic Education exam with an outstanding grade is not ready to pass.

So, stay cheerful and study your books, rather than following your slacker buddies who believe in miracles on exam day.

2. Have self-assurance

Another component that influences a candidate’s performance is self-confidence. Promise yourself that you will do everything by yourself, and everything will be extremely simple for you.

Because of a lack of self-confidence, many pupils cancel the correct answers in order to replicate the incorrect ones. You are the miracle of the day if you study and pray diligently.

Manage your time in the examination hall wisely

It is risky to remain in one question for more than the expected time. For objectives, you should be able to answer all your questions 15 minutes before the exam ends. Use the remaining time to dot your ‘I’s and cross your ‘T’s. In other words, use it to go through your work and make the necessary corrections.

For the essay part of the exam, ensure you do not exceed he proper time for each question. No matter how simple or hard a question would be, don’t dwell much on it.

To be able to manage your time properly, I recommend you go in with a wrist watch. Always allocate time to each question and try to finish it within that period.

Utilize the WAEC Civic Education Syllabus 2022

It is extremely important to use the WAEC 2022 curriculum as it will help you to cover important topics. Without the Syllabus you will concentrate on unnecessary topics not presented in examinations.

No need going to cover a whole textbook just to pass a particular subject. That would be stressful on your own side. The syllabus are important because all your questions will come from there.

Syllabus gives you area of concentration and also the list of textbooks which you will use to cover those topics.

SEE: Secrets of Passing Any Kind Of Examination With Good Grades

DISCLAIMER: This site is not an expo website but a website which helps students to pass their exams by providing relevant information.

If you have any question, do well to drop it in the comment section below.

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