Comprehensive WAEC Syllabus for Government 2021/2022 and the Recommended Textbooks (Download PDF)

Are you a WAEC candidate and you are looking for the government syllabus? Do you want to know the topics you should cover before your exams? Do you want to download the PDF? You have the solutions to all these in this post.

Today, I’ll give you the comprehensive government syllabus for 2021/2022 WAEC exams. I will also share with you the link to use in downloading the PDF. I won’t stop there. I’ll proceed to give you the list of the recommended government textbooks.

Firstly, note that you have 19 topics in government to cover. These topics have sub-topics. 19 topics may look little for a person to cover in two months but I bet you, with the sub-topics, it’s much. So, you need this syllabus to get started on time.

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BONUS FOR YOU

Before we proceed, I would like to let you know that SCHOOLISLE has covered this government syllabus on this website for you so that it will be easier for you to read it online. You can always visit this Website, search any of the government topics using the search box.

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WAEC Government Syllabus

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

This syllabus aims at assessing the candidates’ ability to

(a) define the concepts of Government and show their understanding of its principles, institutions and processes.

(b) recognize their role as an informed citizens and their contributions towards the achievement of national development.

(c) evaluate the successes, failures and problems of governments in West Africa.

(d) analyse the constitutional developments and processes of colonial and post independent government.

(e) appreciate the role of their country as a member of the international community.

SCHEME OF THE EXAMINATIONS

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There will be two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2, both of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be composite and will be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1: This will consist of fifty multiple-choice objective questions drawn from the entire syllabus. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 1 hour for 40 marks.

PAPER 2: This will be a 2-hour essay type test consisting of two sections, Sections A and B as follows:
Section A: Elements of Government

Shall contain five questions out of which candidates shall be required to attempt any two.
Section B: Political and Constitutional Developments in West Africa and International Relations

Shall contain sets of five questions each; one set for one member country. Each candidate is to answer two questions chosen from the set on the country in which he/she is taking the examination.

The paper shall carry 60 marks.

DETAILED SYLLABUS (WAEC SYLLABUS FOR GOVERNMENT)

Full details of the WAEC syllabus for government.

SECTION A: ELEMENTS OF GOVERNMENT

1. MEANING AND SCOPE OF THE SUBJECT MATTER – GOVERNMENT

2. BASIC CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT

(i) Basic concepts

  • State
  • *Society
  • *Nation
  • Power
  • Authority
  • Legitimacy
  • Sovereignty
  • Democracy
  • Political Culture and Socialization
  • Communalism
  • Feudalism
  • oligarchy
  • *Liberalism
  • Socialism
  • Communism
  • Capitalism
  • Fascism
  • Aristocracy
  • Totalitarianism
  • Meaning and features.

(ii) Basic principles

  • Rule of Law
  • Fundamental Human Rights
  • Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances
  • Constitutionalism
  • Political participation
  • Representative Government
  • Centralization and Decentralization – (Delegated Legislation, Devolution and Decentralization).

3. CONSTITUTIONS

4. ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT

5. STATE STRUCTURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF GOVERNMENT

6. CITIZENSHIP

  • Meaning
  • mode of acquisition
  • rights
  • duties and obligations of individuals in the state
  • Means of safeguarding rights of citizens.

7. POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY SYSTEMS

(i) Political Parties

  • definition
  • organization/structure and
  • functions.

(ii) Party Systems

  • definition
  • types, merits and demerits.

8. PRESSURE GROUPS, PUBLIC OPINION AND MASS MEDIA

(i) Pressure Groups

  • definition
  • types
  • mode of operation and functions;

(ii) Public opinion

  • definition
  • formation
  • Measurement and importance;

(iii) Mass Media

  • definition
  • roles
  • impact

9. THE ELECTORAL SYSTEMS, PROCESSES AND ELECTORAL MANAGEMENT BODY

(a) Electoral Systems and Processes

(i) Election

  • Meaning and purpose of elections.

(ii) Franchise

  • meaning, and limitations.

(iii) Types, advantages and disadvantages of Electoral Systems.

(b) Electoral Management Body

  • definition
  • function
  • problems/constrains.

10. PUBLIC/CIVIL SERVICE ADMINISTRATION

(i) Public/Civil Service

  • Meaning
  • Structure
  • Characteristics and
  • Functions.

(ii) Public/Civil Service Commission

  • meaning
  • Functions.

(iii) Public Corporations

  • definition
  • purposes
  • functions
  • control
  • challenges
  • need for commercialization and privatization.

(iv) Local Governments

  • Meaning
  • structure
  • Purposes
  • Functions
  • Sources of revenue
  • control and problems

SECTION B: POLITICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN WEST AFRICA AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

11. PRE-COLONIAL POLITICAL SYSTEM OF CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES

IMPORTANT: Under this topic 11, read the one related to the country where you will take your WAEC exams.

The Structural Organization of the following

(a) Nigeria

  • Hausa/Fulani
  • the Yoruba
  • the Igbo.

(b) Ghana

  • The Akan
  • The Talensi.

(c) Sierra Leone

  • The Mende
  • Temme.

(d) The Gambia

  • The Wolof
  • Mandingo
  • Jola.

(e) Liberia

  • The Vai
  • The Kru.

12. COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION

(i) The Policy and Structure of the British Colonial Administration

  • Crown Colony
  • Protectorate
  • Indirect Rule.

(ii) The Policy of French Colonial Administration

  • Assimilation and Association (Loi Cadre).

(iii) Impact, Advantages and disadvantages of Colonial Rule.

13. NATIONALISM IN CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES

(i) Nationalism

  • Meaning
  • factors
  • effects.

(ii) Key Nationalist leaders/movements and their contributions.

14. CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES

IMPORTANT: Under this topic 14, read the one related to the country where you will take your WAEC exams.

(i) Pre-Independence Constitutions

(a) Nigeria (features) – Clifford 1922 Richards 1946 Macpherson 1951 Littleton 1954

(b) Ghana (features, merits and demerits) – Clifford 1916 Guggisberg 1925 Burns 1946 Arden Clarke 1951 Nkrumah 1954

(c) Sierra Leone (features, merits and demerits) – Slatter 1924 Stevenson 1947 Beresford Stooke 1951 The 1956 and 1958 Constitutions.

(d) The Gambia (features, merits and demerits) – The 1947, 1951, 1954, 1960, 1962 and 1963 Constitutions.

(ii) Post-Independence Constitutions – Features

(a) Nigeria – Independence Constitution, 1960 Republican Constitution 1963 The 1979 and 1989 Constitutions 1999 Constitution – Origin, features, strength and Weaknesses.

(b) Ghana – Independence Constitution, 1957 Republican Constitution 1960 2nd Republican Constitution 1969 3rd Republican Constitution 1979 4th Republican Constitutions 1992.

(c) Sierra Leone – Independence Constitution 1961 Republican Constitution 1971 The 1978 and 1991 Constitutions,

(d) The Gambia – Independence Constitution 1965 Republican Constitution 1970. 2nd Republican Constitution 1997

(e) Liberia – Independence/Republican Constitution 1947 2nd Republican Constitution 1985

15. DEVELOPMENT OF MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES

IMPORTANT: Under this topic 15, read the one related to the country where you will take your WAEC exams.

– Nigeria – Sierra Leone – The Gambia – Liberia Formation, Objectives, Sources of Finance, Achievements and Failures

16. MILITARY RULE IN THE CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES.

IMPORTANT: Under this topic 16, read the one related to the country where you will take your WAEC exams.

– Nigeria – Ghana; – Sierra Leone – The Gambia – Liberia Causes, effects and various military regimes.

17. FEDERAL/UNITARY SYSTEMS OF GOVERNMENT IN WEST AFRICA

IMPORTANT: Under this topic 17, read the one related to the country where you will take your WAEC exams.

Nigeria – Sierra Leone – The Gambia – Liberia Origin, Factors, Structure, Features and Problems

18. FOREIGN POLICIES OF THE CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES

IMPORTANT: Under this topic 18, read the one related to the country where you will take your WAEC exams.

– Nigeria – Ghana – Sierra Leone – The Gambia – Liberia Definitions, Factors, objectives, advantages and disadvantages.

19. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

  • The United Nations Organizations (UNO)
  • The Commonwealth of Nations Union (AU) – NEPAD, The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Origin, aims/objectives, achievements and problems.

GOVERNMENT TEXTBOOKS SUGGESTED BY WASSCE FOR 2021/2022

  1. Ghana Evolution and Change in the 19th and 20th Centuries  by ADU BOAHEN, A
  2. Ghana and the Rawlings Factor  by SHILLINGTON K.
  3. African Political Parties  by HODGKIN T.
  4. Foreign Policies of Major Countries, Subject Publications, New Delhi  by GARBRAH H. K.
  5. Senior Secondary School Government Bks. 1&2  by ADDAE P. G.
  6. A – ONE in Government  by NOFIU S. O. A.
  7. Modern Government  by ECHIEFU S. M
  8. The Substance of Politics  by APPADORAI A.
  9. Political Institutions in West Africa  by PRICE J. H.
  10. Political Studies  by LEEDS C. A.
  11. Groundwork of Government in West Africa  by AMOA G. Y.
  12. A Textbook of Government for Senior Secondary School  by DARE AND OYEWOLE
  13. Government for Senior Secondary School.  by OYEDIRAN AND CO.
  14. Essentials of Government  by FRANCIS ADIGWE
  15. Politics in Ghana 1946-1960  by DENNIS AUSTIN
  16. Government for Senior Secondary School  by PRAH ISAAC

Download WAEC Government Syllabus – PDF

You can now Download the latest WAEC Government Syllabus for 2021. Tap the button below to download.

Download WAEC Government Syllabus

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Must I use the WAEC recommended government textbooks?

For the the sake of the syllabus, it is important you use those textbooks. WAEC has accessed these textbooks and found it is worth using. If you can get one of them or more, it will go along way to help you. However, it is not compulsory to use any of those textbooks. If you can lay hold of any other government textbook outside these ones, it is still acceptable as long as it covers the syllable. In other words, any other textbook which can help you cover these topics is nice for you. Therefore, you may choose not to use the recommended government textbook.

CONCLUSION – WAEC Syllabus for Government

Just like I mentioned above, SCHOOLISLE has covered these government topics for you. All you need to is to start reading them here.

Finally, one of the reasons for covering the topics here is to enable you get exactly what you need to pass your exams.

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